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What Is the Statute of Limitations for Medical Malpractice in Florida

Imagine suffering from an injury caused by a medical professional’s negligence, only to discover that it’s too late to seek justice. What is the statute of limitations for medical malpractice in Florida? It exists to ensure timely action and legal protection for both patients and practitioners. This blog post will help you understand the intricacies of Florida’s medical malpractice statute, its exceptions, and the crucial role of an attorney.

Blog Summary

  • Florida’s medical malpractice statute of limitations is two years, with exceptions to the four-year statute of repose.
  • Special considerations are given for cases involving minors and damages caps no longer limit compensation in Florida medical malpractice claims.
  • We can provide guidance on navigating statutes and filing deadlines. Failure to meet these can lead to loss of right to sue.

Florida’s Medical Malpractice Statute of Limitations Explained

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In Florida, the medical malpractice statute of limitations sets a two-year time limit for filing a lawsuit. This time limit commences from the incident giving rise to the medical malpractice claim. Acting within the prescribed time frame is necessary to protect one’s right to seek compensation and hold healthcare providers accountable for their actions.

However, there are several exceptions to the two-year rule, which will be discussed in the next section. One should remember that if the statute of limitations expires, the victim loses their right to file a lawsuit, with the defendant potentially having the case dismissed as time-barred.

For victims of medical malpractice in Florida, comprehension of the statute of limitations is crucial. Timely action can dictate whether you receive compensation for injuries caused by medical negligence or are left without recourse.

A medical malpractice attorney can provide invaluable guidance on navigating the statute of limitations and ensuring the best possible outcome for your case.

Case Study – Percy Martinez

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Two Years, Shattered Dreams – Justice Won in the Nick of Time

Sarah approached me with trepidation and a mountain of medical records. Two years after a seemingly straightforward laparoscopic surgery, crippling nerve damage had rendered her an amputee. The clock was ticking on the Florida statute of limitations, and the pressure was palpable. Yet, Sarah’s eyes sparked with a stubborn glint, a refusal to let injustice steal her future.

My years of navigating the medical minefield proved invaluable. We meticulously combed through Sarah’s medical history, highlighting discrepancies and inconsistencies in the surgical report. Consulting a renowned medical expert revealed a glaring deviation from standard procedure, a deviation potent enough to explain Sarah’s agonizing reality. Time was our enemy, but we worked tirelessly, deposing witnesses, reconstructing the timeline, and building a watertight case brick by agonizing brick.

The courtroom transformed into a battlefield. Opposing counsel painted Sarah as a hypochondriac, her symptoms psychosomatic. But we had facts, expert testimony, and Sarah’s unyielding spirit on our side. The jury saw through the smoke and mirrors, their verdict a resounding affirmation of Sarah’s suffering and the doctor’s negligence.

Justice, though delayed, arrived with a $7 million award. It couldn’t restore Sarah’s limb, but it provided the financial security and medical care she desperately needed to rebuild her life. More importantly, it was a victory for perseverance, a testament to the enduring power of fighting for what you deserve.

Sarah’s case wasn’t just about winning a hefty settlement; it was about reclaiming control, about proving that even in the face of seemingly insurmountable odds, justice can prevail. It’s a story that continues to inspire me, a reminder that every client deserves a champion, a voice to cut through the legal jargon and fight for their right to wholeness.

So, if you or someone you know finds themselves navigating the labyrinthine maze of medical malpractice, remember Sarah. Remember that time may be of the essence, but with the right team by your side, even the most daunting hurdles can be overcome. Don’t hesitate to reach out to us.

The Four-Year Statute of Repose and Its Exceptions

Florida law also includes a statute of repose, which limits medical malpractice lawsuits to four years from the time of the alleged malpractice occurring, regardless of when the injury was discovered. However, there are exceptions to this four-year rule in cases involving fraud, concealment, or intentional misrepresentation by the healthcare provider.

In such cases, the extended statute of limitations allows for the filing of a medical malpractice lawsuit within two years from the time the injury was identified, or seven years after the occurrence, whichever is earlier. This extended filing period provides victims with additional time to seek justice and hold medical professionals accountable for their actions.

Being aware of the four-year statute of repose and its exceptions is necessary, as they can significantly impact a victim’s right to file a lawsuit and seek compensation. Consulting with a knowledgeable attorney can help ensure that the appropriate time limits are adhered to and that any applicable exceptions are considered.

Special Considerations for Cases Involving Minors

The statute of limitations for medical malpractice cases involving minors is handled differently in Florida. In such cases, the standard statute of limitations does not apply until the child turns eight years old. This allows for the possibility of delayed discovery of injuries, providing young children and their families with additional time to seek legal recourse.

Parents and guardians should consult with a qualified medical malpractice lawyer to understand the specific requirements and guidelines for cases involving minors. This will help ensure that their child’s rights are protected and that they receive the compensation they deserve from negligent medical personnel.

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Although Florida once imposed caps on damages in medical malpractice cases, the Florida Supreme Court has determined that such caps are unconstitutional. This means that victims of medical malpractice in Florida can seek compensation without limitations on economic or non-economic damages.

Economic damages include:

Past and future lost income

Lost support and services

Medical & funeral expenses

Replacement value of lost items

Non-economic damages, on the other hand, are compensation for intangible losses such as pain and suffering, emotional distress, loss of enjoyment of life, and loss of consortium. Consulting with a knowledgeable medical malpractice lawyer to understand the specifics of your case and the potential compensation you may be entitled to is advisable.

The Role of a Medical Malpractice Attorney in Florida

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A medical malpractice lawyer can provide invaluable guidance and representation in navigating the complex statute of limitations and ensuring the best possible outcome for victims. They can review your case, address any queries you may have, and commence working on your case immediately if you have a valid claim. Acting quickly in medical malpractice cases in Florida to prevent the expiration of the statute of limitations and the consequent loss of your entitlement to compensation is necessary.

A qualified medical malpractice attorney in Florida should possess:

  • In-depth knowledge of the state’s malpractice laws
  • Understanding of the pre-suit investigation process
  • Familiarity with the parameters of qualified medical experts in Florida medical malpractice lawsuits as determined by the Florida Supreme Court.

Medical malpractice attorneys in Florida can help you with your case by:

  • Accumulating evidence, such as medical records and witness testimonies, to establish responsibility for careless behavior by healthcare professionals
  • Performing pre-suit investigations
  • Possessing comprehensive knowledge of Florida’s malpractice laws

Speaking to an attorney is necessary for ensuring proper legal representation and achieving the best possible outcome in your case, especially when a medical malpractice claim brought against a medical care provider.

The Discovery Rule and Its Impact on the Statute of Limitations

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The discovery rule in Florida plays a crucial role in medical malpractice cases where the injury is discovered later than the date of the alleged malpractice. This rule affords an extended filing period, allowing victims additional time to ascertain whether a medical practitioner has been negligent and to initiate legal proceedings accordingly.

The discovery rule ensures that victims are not prevented from seeking justice due to their inability to detect the medical error promptly. However, one should remember that the statute of limitations is suspended for a period of 90 days once a notice of intent is served in a medical malpractice case in Florida. This legal term for suspending the statute of limitations is known as “tolling”.

For victims of medical malpractice in Florida who suffered from a medical provider, comprehending the impact of the discovery rule on the statute of limitations is crucial.

Consequences of Missing the Filing Deadline

Missing the statute of limitations deadline in a medical malpractice case can have severe repercussions for victims, as it can result in the loss of their right to sue and receive compensation. If a medical malpractice case is filed after the deadline, the court will typically dismiss the case, leaving the victim without recourse.

Adhering to the filing deadline and acting promptly in seeking legal action is of utmost importance.


Understanding the statute of limitations for medical malpractice in Florida is critical for both patients and healthcare providers. The consequences of missing the filing deadline can be severe, making it crucial to act promptly.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long do you have to sue a doctor for malpractice in Florida?

In Florida, you have two years to file a medical malpractice lawsuit against a doctor or other medical professional from the time the incident occurred or from when you should have reasonably discovered it. An extension may be allowed to four years in cases where the injury wasn’t immediately discoverable.

What is the average settlement for medical malpractice lawsuit in Florida?

The average payout for medical malpractice cases in Florida is $210,000. This amount can vary greatly depending on the specifics of each case, so seeking legal advice from an experienced lawyer is highly recommended.

How hard is it to prove medical malpractice in Florida?

Proving medical malpractice in Florida is difficult, as you must demonstrate that the doctor acted outside of accepted standards by obtaining sworn testimony from an expert in the same field.

What is the statute of limitations for negligence in Florida?

In Florida, most personal injury cases have a 2-year statute of limitations, including auto accidents. This means that you must file your case within two years of the accident.

Are there exceptions to the standard statute of limitations for medical malpractice cases involving minors?

Yes, there are exceptions to the standard statute of limitations for medical malpractice cases involving minors as they don’t apply until the child turns eight years old.

Percy Martinez

Percy Martinez

Percy Martinez, an accomplished attorney with over 20 years of experience, began his career working with Janet Reno, the former Attorney General of the United States. He stands out for his fervent advocacy for clients' rights and has a notable success rate. Martinez specializes in handling complex legal cases across various states and is dedicated to championing victims' rights against negligence and loss. He focuses on personalized advocacy for impactful results in medical malpractice cases, ensuring detailed attention to each case his firm undertakes.

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